The SSA/VR reimbursement program is the process by which public vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies submit claims to the Social Security Administration (SSA). In effect since 1983, the procedure enables the VR system to receive reimbursement for the costs expended assisting SSI recipients and SSDI beneficiaries to enter and sustain employment above the substantial gainful activity (SGA) level.
Access to Integrated Employment
Since 1988, Access to Integrated Employment has described trends in day and employment services and outcomes for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). This research project explores the factors that contribute to employment outcomes at multiple levels: individual achievement, employment support practices, service provider engagement, and state policy reform.
Access to Integrated to Employment is funded in part by the Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Administration on Community Living, US Department of Health and Human Services.
Browse all of our publications below, or explore Access to Integrated Employment projects by clicking the following links:
Projects supported by Access to Integrated Employment include:
A compilation of federal and self-collected data sets, StateData.info allows users to generate customized charts, conduct their own analyses, and download raw data about disability and employment.
National Survey of State IDD Agencies' Day and Employment Services
This annual survey describes the nature of day and employment services for individuals with IDD. Read summaries of previously collected data.
State Agency Promising Practices
This promising practices database highlights innovative policies and strategies that state IDD agencies are using to increase integrated employment opportunities.
Community Rehabilitation Provider (CRP) Promising Practices
The national landscape is changing, with an increasing emphasis on community employment opportunities for individuals with IDD. This activity focuses on community rehabilitation providers (CRPs) engaged in practices that reflect individual integrated employment as a priority outcome.Community Rehabilitation Provider (CRP) Promising Practices
Real Work Stories
Real Work Stories shares stories of people with IDD who are thriving in competitive jobs in their communities. The stories highlight these individuals’ achievements, and also showcase how state agency staff have helped them get hired and maintain fulfilling careers.
State Profiles of Employment First Implementation
These profiles advance ICI’s work cataloguing and analyzing state Employment First initiatives, legislation, and policies. Project staff are developing a cross-state summary of state performance, policy, and strategy, as well as barriers and opportunities experienced while implementing an Employment First approach.
National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers
The National Survey of CRPs began in 1993, and collects data on CRP characteristics, service distribution, and employment outcomes. The survey is implemented approximately every 5 years, most recently in 2014–2015.
New Blue Book is here
StateData: The National Report on Employment Services and Outcomes Through 2016
Access the latest information about employment and economic self-sufficiency for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Both national and state-level statistics are included.Download the PDF here*
Download the report narrative, no tables (Accessible PDF)
As state developmental disability service systems strive to balance myriad challenges, the inevitable question of funding must be addressed. Through State Employment Leadership Network (SELN) events, member states have regularly expressed the need for additional analysis and insights related to rates, reimbursement, and funding issues.
The state of Florida's Agency for Persons with Disabilities (APD) has implemented a five-year employment initiative for people with ID/DD. One goal is to enable at least 50 percent of adults (ages 18 to 55) receiving APD-funded day services (including adult day training, supported employment, and non-residential supports and services), as of July 1, 2004, to achieve community employment by July 1, 2009.
Between the years of 1985 and 1996 Colorado experienced significant growth in integrated employment for people with mental retardation and developmental disabilities (MR/DD). Several factors were consistently highlighted as contributing to Colorado's employment outcomes during this period. These included:
This brief presents findings on people with all disabilities and people with intellectual and developmental disabilities who are served in employment and non-work settings by community rehabilitation providers (CRPs).
The past thirty years have seen considerable growth in community-based services and supports for adults with developmental disabilities. One category of community-based day supports, integrated employment, has been clearly defined and widely implemented for years. However, another emerging model, community-based non-work (CBNW), is used in a number of states but is less clearly defined and understood.
Trends in Employment Outcomes of Young Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities 2004 - 2011, shows the trend employment outcomes of young adults 16 to 21 years old and 22 to 30 years in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Data are from the American Community Survey, the RSA-911, and the National Core Indicators datasets. The report was funded by the Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Administration for Community Living, US Department of Health and Human Services.
The data for this fact sheet have been compiled from the Rehabilitation Services Administration national data collection system, the RSA-911 database. This database contains demographic and employment information on each individual whose case was closed by VR each year, across the nation.
Friendship is important for all of us! This includes people with and without disabilities. People often feel better and happier when they have friends. As part of a research project about the choices people with disabilities make about work, we interviewed 16 people with intellectual or developmental disabilities (IDD). These people also chose family members and professional staff people for us to interview. We asked them how they made decisions about working and making friends.
Tennessee implemented its Employment First initiative in 2002 with a goal of making employment the first day service option for adults receiving supports from the Department of Mental Retardation Services. As part of the Employment First initiative, the state requires a periodic community-based