Over the past 15 years there have been substantial changes in the delivery and funding of day and employment services for individuals with disabilities. Most notably, the introduction of supported employment has led to a dramatic increase in the number of individuals with severe disabilities in integrated community employment. Despite these promising changes, the implementation of supported employment has not resulted in a transfer of resources and services from facilities to integrated employment.
Access to Integrated Employment
Since 1988, Access to Integrated Employment has described trends in day and employment services and outcomes for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). This research project explores the factors that contribute to employment outcomes at multiple levels: individual achievement, employment support practices, service provider engagement, and state policy reform.
Access to Integrated to Employment is funded in part by the Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Administration on Community Living, US Department of Health and Human Services.
Browse all of our publications below, or explore Access to Integrated Employment projects by clicking the following links:
Projects supported by Access to Integrated Employment include:
A compilation of federal and self-collected data sets, StateData.info allows users to generate customized charts, conduct their own analyses, and download raw data about disability and employment.
National Survey of State IDD Agencies' Day and Employment Services
This annual survey describes the nature of day and employment services for individuals with IDD. Read summaries of previously collected data.
State Agency Promising Practices
This promising practices database highlights innovative policies and strategies that state IDD agencies are using to increase integrated employment opportunities.
Community Rehabilitation Provider (CRP) Promising Practices
The national landscape is changing, with an increasing emphasis on community employment opportunities for individuals with IDD. This activity focuses on community rehabilitation providers (CRPs) engaged in practices that reflect individual integrated employment as a priority outcome.Community Rehabilitation Provider (CRP) Promising Practices
Real People, Real Jobs
Real People, Real Jobs shares stories of people with IDD who are thriving in competitive jobs in their communities. The stories highlight these individuals’ achievements, and also showcase how state agency staff have helped them get hired and maintain fulfilling careers.
State Profiles of Employment First Implementation
These profiles advance ICI’s work cataloguing and analyzing state Employment First initiatives, legislation, and policies. Project staff are developing a cross-state summary of state performance, policy, and strategy, as well as barriers and opportunities experienced while implementing an Employment First approach.
National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers
The National Survey of CRPs began in 1993, and collects data on CRP characteristics, service distribution, and employment outcomes. The survey is implemented approximately every 5 years, most recently in 2014–2015.
New Blue Book is here
StateData: The National Report on Employment Services and Outcomes Through 2016
Access the latest information about employment and economic self-sufficiency for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Both national and state-level statistics are included.Download the PDF here*
Download the report narrative, no tables (Accessible PDF) -->
WorkLink is a program that enables individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) to work while receiving wrap-around day services. Having access to both types of supports -- community employment and Community Life Engagement (CLE) -- is particularly important for individuals with significant IDD, who often work fewer hours and need additional support to lead active and meaningful lives. The program was started in 1996 by TransCen, Inc., and is based in San Francisco, California.
SEEC (Seeking Equality, Empowerment, and Community) is a Maryland-based provider of employment, community living, and community development supports to people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Like many providers of individualized supports, SEEC has had to find creative ways to individualize supports even though its funding structures do not support 1:1 staffing. One way they do this is by deliberately building both human capital (community living skills) and social capital (relationships in the community).
LOQW (Learning Opportunities/Quality Works) is a community skills training, service coordination, and employment services provider in northeast Missouri. LOQW operates several satellite offices in addition to its main office in Monroe City, MO.
Headquartered in a small rural town in northern Maine, Katahdin Friends, Inc. (KFI) provides community employment and life engagement supports, as well as home supports, to individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). A flexible approach to staffing and support scheduling helps KFI ensure customized daily support schedules that meet individual goals. This approach also allows individuals to interact with a variety of direct support professionals, which is important for having a more engaged and meaningful life in the community.
SEEC (Seeking Equality, Empowerment, and Community) is a Maryland-based provider of employment, community living, and community development supports to people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Because SEEC has no central facility, having ways to maintain contact between staff and management is paramount. From prepaid cell phones in 2005 to outfitting every staff member with a tablet or a laptop today, SEEC has embraced mobile communication since it started its conversion.
WorkLink is a program that braids community employment and life engagement services. The goal is to enable individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) to work while receiving wrap-around day supports, as needed. Started in 1996, WorkLink is a program of TransCen, Inc. and is based in San Francisco.
Avenues Supported Living Services of Valencia, California was founded in 1997 by a husband- and-wife team, Scott and Lori Shepard. The agency provides supported living and community life engagement (CLE) services to individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Key to Avenues’ success is a staffing approach that is grounded in client relationships.
The 2015 National Report on Employment Services and Outcomes provides national and state-level statistics spanning a 20-year period. Its sources include several data sets that address employment outcomes and economic self-sufficiency for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities.
Download the full 2015 report here or click on the thumbnail image.