Little is known about the factors that shape the employment-related decisions of individuals with Intellectual and/or Developmental Disabilities (ID/DD). This article presents findings from qualitative interviews with individuals with ID/DD, their family members and employment-support professionals from four Community Rehabilitation Providers (CRPs) throughout Massachusetts. Recognizing the value of participatory action research, this study also included a co-researcher with ID/DD who participated in all facets of the research process.
Access to Integrated Employment
Since 1988, Access to Integrated Employment has described trends in day and employment services and outcomes for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). This research project explores the factors that contribute to employment outcomes at multiple levels: individual achievement, employment support practices, service provider engagement, and state policy reform.
Access to Integrated to Employment is funded in part by the Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Administration on Community Living, US Department of Health and Human Services.
Browse all of our publications below, or explore Access to Integrated Employment projects by clicking the following links:
Projects supported by Access to Integrated Employment include:
A compilation of federal and self-collected data sets, StateData.info allows users to generate customized charts, conduct their own analyses, and download raw data about disability and employment.
National Survey of State IDD Agencies' Day and Employment Services
This annual survey describes the nature of day and employment services for individuals with IDD. Read summaries of previously collected data.
State Agency Promising Practices
This promising practices database highlights innovative policies and strategies that state IDD agencies are using to increase integrated employment opportunities.
Community Rehabilitation Provider (CRP) Promising Practices
The national landscape is changing, with an increasing emphasis on community employment opportunities for individuals with IDD. This activity focuses on community rehabilitation providers (CRPs) engaged in practices that reflect individual integrated employment as a priority outcome.Community Rehabilitation Provider (CRP) Promising Practices
Real Work Stories
Real Work Stories shares stories of people with IDD who are thriving in competitive jobs in their communities. The stories highlight these individuals’ achievements, and also showcase how state agency staff have helped them get hired and maintain fulfilling careers.
State Profiles of Employment First Implementation
These profiles advance ICI’s work cataloguing and analyzing state Employment First initiatives, legislation, and policies. Project staff are developing a cross-state summary of state performance, policy, and strategy, as well as barriers and opportunities experienced while implementing an Employment First approach.
National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers
The National Survey of CRPs began in 1993, and collects data on CRP characteristics, service distribution, and employment outcomes. The survey is implemented approximately every 5 years, most recently in 2014–2015.
New Blue Book is here
StateData: The National Report on Employment Services and Outcomes Through 2016
Access the latest information about employment and economic self-sufficiency for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Both national and state-level statistics are included.Download the PDF here*
Download the report narrative, no tables (Accessible PDF)
Individual control over service delivery and life choices is well established as a value in supports for individuals with developmental disabilities. One policy-based strategy for expanding individual control is the use of mechanisms that provide for consumer direction of funding resources.
This is the first in a series of Research to Practice briefs based on the FY2002-2003 National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers (CRPs) funded by the Administration on Developmental Disabilities. This brief presents findings on people with developmental disabilities in employment services and characteristics of the community rehabilitation organizations that provide those services.
Job developers can influence decision-making during the job search and placement process. For a study exploring the employment decisions of people with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities (IDD), researchers interviewed 16 individuals with IDD, their family members, and professionals involved in their job search. Participants were asked what factors, circumstances, or people affected their decisions about work. The
Where do individuals with mental retardation and developmental disabilities (DD) work, and what types of jobs do they have? How many hours do they work, what do they earn, and who pays their wages? Do they have access to health care benefits and paid time off? This Research to Practice brief provides answers to those and other questions. It is the first in a series of brief products that present findings from the FY2004-2005 National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers Individual Employment Outcomes Survey funded by the U.S. Administration on Developmental Disabilities.
This fact sheet summarizes data on integrated employment (supported and competitive) and facility-based employment activities (sheltered workshops) from two national surveys of community rehabilitation providers (CRPs). These surveys were part of an ongoing national data collection project that addresses trends in day and employment services for people with disabilities.
In 2002 and 2003, the Institute for Community Inclusion (ICI) conducted a national survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers (CRPs) that was funded by the Administration on Developmental Disabilities. The goal was to identify major trends in employment and non-work services for people with developmental disabilities. Since CRPs are key partners in implementing disability-related employment policy, including TWWIIA and WIA, researchers were interested in the extent to which organizations participated in these initiatives.
The proportion of individuals participating in non-work programs has grown noticeably over the past decade. Despite the push toward integrated employment for people with developmental disabilities in many states, non-work day programs continue to be a substantial component of the service mix. Butterworth et al.
Washington stakeholders report that the state’s focus on employment started in the late 1970s with values-based training based on the Program Analysis of Social Services (PASS-3) model.These workshops were widely attended over several years, and many of today’s key players in state and county services participated as leaders. One of the outcomes of this period was the first edition of the County Guidelines, a document that guided county and
Employment for people with severe disabilities was legitimized in P.L. 99457. However, some states have made more progress than others in helping individuals with disabilities achieve successful employment outcomes. This is the first in a series of publications highlighting the findings from the case studies in three states--New Hampshire, Washington, and Colorado--that have been recognized as high performers in integrated employment.