Pushing the Integrated Employment Agenda: Case Study Research in Washington State

Washington stakeholders report that the state’s focus on employment started in the late 1970s with values-based training based on the Program Analysis of Social Services (PASS-3) model.These workshops were widely attended over several years, and many of today’s key players in state and county services participated as leaders. One of the outcomes of this period was the first edition of the County Guidelines, a document that guided county and service providers’ contracts.The emphasis on employment established in the guidelines was nurtured by a system of management that had a clear focus on employment at the county level.

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