Washington stakeholders report that the state’s focus on employment started in the late 1970s with values-based training based on the Program Analysis of Social Services (PASS-3) model.These workshops were widely attended over several years, and many of today’s key players in state and county services participated as leaders. One of the outcomes of this period was the first edition of the County Guidelines, a document that guided county and
Access to Integrated Employment
Since 1988, Access to Integrated Employment has described trends in day and employment services and outcomes for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). This research project explores the factors that contribute to employment outcomes at multiple levels: individual achievement, employment support practices, service provider engagement, and state policy reform.
Access to Integrated to Employment is funded in part by the Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Administration on Community Living, US Department of Health and Human Services.
Browse all of our publications below, or explore Access to Integrated Employment projects by clicking the following links:
Projects supported by Access to Integrated Employment include:
A compilation of federal and self-collected data sets, StateData.info allows users to generate customized charts, conduct their own analyses, and download raw data about disability and employment.
National Survey of State IDD Agencies' Day and Employment Services
This annual survey describes the nature of day and employment services for individuals with IDD. Read summaries of previously collected data.
State Agency Promising Practices
This promising practices database highlights innovative policies and strategies that state IDD agencies are using to increase integrated employment opportunities.
Community Rehabilitation Provider (CRP) Promising Practices
The national landscape is changing, with an increasing emphasis on community employment opportunities for individuals with IDD. This activity focuses on community rehabilitation providers (CRPs) engaged in practices that reflect individual integrated employment as a priority outcome.Community Rehabilitation Provider (CRP) Promising Practices
Real Work Stories
Real Work Stories shares stories of people with IDD who are thriving in competitive jobs in their communities. The stories highlight these individuals’ achievements, and also showcase how state agency staff have helped them get hired and maintain fulfilling careers.
State Profiles of Employment First Implementation
These profiles advance ICI’s work cataloguing and analyzing state Employment First initiatives, legislation, and policies. Project staff are developing a cross-state summary of state performance, policy, and strategy, as well as barriers and opportunities experienced while implementing an Employment First approach.
National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers
The National Survey of CRPs began in 1993, and collects data on CRP characteristics, service distribution, and employment outcomes. The survey is implemented approximately every 5 years, most recently in 2014–2015.
New Blue Book is here
StateData: The National Report on Employment Services and Outcomes Through 2016
Access the latest information about employment and economic self-sufficiency for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Both national and state-level statistics are included.Download the PDF here*
Download the report narrative, no tables (Accessible PDF)
Employment for people with severe disabilities was legitimized in P.L. 99457. However, some states have made more progress than others in helping individuals with disabilities achieve successful employment outcomes. This is the first in a series of publications highlighting the findings from the case studies in three states--New Hampshire, Washington, and Colorado--that have been recognized as high performers in integrated employment.
Between 1988 and 2001, New Hampshire's Division of Developmental Services transformed the state's day and employment services from a facility-based model, with 61% of individuals supported in sheltered workshops or facility- based day habilitation programs, to an inclusion model that supports 94% of its individuals in the community. Fifty- four percent of the individuals served work for at least part of their week in integrated employment.Two things are striking.
Between 1988 and 1996, the number of individuals supported by state mental retardation/developmental disabilities (MR/DD) agencies who participated in some type of community employment increased by 200% (Butterworth, Gilmore, Kiernan, Schalock, 1999). Despite this increase, many agree that outcomes in community employment are in great need of improvement and vary widely among states. The purpose of this report is to highlight the successful practices of states that have been identified as "high-performers" in integrated employment for people served by state MR/DD agencies.
Little is known about the factors that influence employment-related choice-making for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). As a result, research staff from the Institute for Community Inclusion interviewed 16 individuals with IDD at four community rehabilitation providers (CRPs) throughout Massachusetts, along with their family members and employment professionals.
Self-employment has emerged as a viable option for individuals with intellectual or developmental disabilities (IDD). To meet increased self-employment demands, Maryland's Developmental Disabilities Administration (DDA), in collaboration with the Maryland Division of Rehabilitation Services (DORS), adapted services offered through the Reach Independence through Self Employment (RISE) program.
The Northeast Region Supported Employment Project was developed by the North Shore area office of the Massachusetts Department of Developmental Services in 2007. This pilot program, open to any individual with ID/DD who wanted to work, emphasized a person- centered planning approach to achieving the individuals' goals for employment in the community.
Beginning in 2006, the Shoreline Public School District in King County, Washington partnered with Shoreline Community College to offer an off-campus transition program for young adults with intellectual disabilities and developmental disabilities (ID/DD) residing in the Shoreline School District.
In 2002, the Massachusetts Department of Developmental Services (DDS) developed a contractual requirement that employment service provider performance be tracked through outcome measures. As a result, DDS shaped its employment data collection system to focus on what it viewed as key outcomes for measuring success around employment.
In 2010, when the New Hampshire Bureau of Developmental Services (BDS) received grant funds to strengthen multisystem service delivery, its administrators partnered with area agencies; community rehabilitation providers, or CRPs (employment providers); and other stakeholders to improve and streamline the process of collecting employment data.