Access to Integrated Employment

Since 1988, Access to Integrated Employment has described trends in day and employment services and outcomes for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). This research project explores the factors that contribute to employment outcomes at multiple levels: individual achievement, employment support practices, service provider engagement, and state policy reform.

Access to Integrated to Employment is funded in part by the Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Administration on Community Living, US Department of Health and Human Services.

Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Browse all of our publications below, or explore Access to Integrated Employment projects by clicking the following links:

Projects supported by Access to Integrated Employment include:

StateData.info

statedata.info

A compilation of federal and self-collected data sets, StateData.info allows users to generate customized charts, conduct their own analyses, and download raw data about disability and employment.

http://www.statedata.info

National Survey of State IDD Agencies' Day and Employment Services

This annual survey describes the nature of day and employment services for individuals with IDD. Read summaries of previously collected data.

State Agency Promising Practices

This promising practices database highlights innovative policies and strategies that state IDD agencies are using to increase integrated employment opportunities.

State Agency Promising Practices

Community Rehabilitation Provider (CRP) Promising Practices

The national landscape is changing, with an increasing emphasis on community employment opportunities for individuals with IDD. This activity focuses on community rehabilitation providers (CRPs) engaged in practices that reflect individual integrated employment as a priority outcome.

Community Rehabilitation Provider (CRP) Promising Practices

Real Work Stories

Real Work Stories shares stories of people with IDD who are thriving in competitive jobs in their communities. The stories highlight these individuals’ achievements, and also showcase how state agency staff have helped them get hired and maintain fulfilling careers.

Real Work Stories

State Profiles of Employment First Implementation

These profiles advance ICI’s work cataloguing and analyzing state Employment First initiatives, legislation, and policies. Project staff are developing a cross-state summary of state performance, policy, and strategy, as well as barriers and opportunities experienced while implementing an Employment First approach.

State Profiles of Employment First Implementation

National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers

The National Survey of CRPs began in 1993, and collects data on CRP characteristics, service distribution, and employment outcomes. The survey is implemented approximately every 5 years, most recently in 2014–2015.

Featured Publications

New Blue Book is here

statedata book cover

StateData: The National Report on Employment Services and Outcomes Through 2016

NEW!

Access the latest information about employment and economic self-sufficiency for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Both national and state-level statistics are included.

Download the PDF here*
Download the report narrative, no tables (Accessible PDF)

Innovations in Employment Supports: New Hampshire's State Division of Developmental Services

Between 1988 and 2001, New Hampshire's Division of Developmental Services transformed the state's day and employment services from a facility-based model, with 61% of individuals supported in sheltered workshops or facility- based day habilitation programs, to an inclusion model that supports 94% of its individuals in the community. Fifty- four percent of the individuals served work for at least part of their week in integrated employment.Two things are striking.

High-Performing States in Integrated Employment

Between 1988 and 1996, the number of individuals supported by state mental retardation/developmental disabilities (MR/DD) agencies who participated in some type of community employment increased by 200% (Butterworth, Gilmore, Kiernan, Schalock, 1999). Despite this increase, many agree that outcomes in community employment are in great need of improvement and vary widely among states. The purpose of this report is to highlight the successful practices of states that have been identified as "high-performers" in integrated employment for people served by state MR/DD agencies.
 

Supporting Employment Choices: Lessons Learned

Little is known about the factors that influence employment-related choice-making for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). As a result, research staff from the Institute for Community Inclusion interviewed 16 individuals with IDD at four community rehabilitation providers (CRPs) throughout Massachusetts, along with their family members and employment professionals.

Collaborating to Promote Self-Employment for People with Intellectual/Developmental Disabilities in Maryland

Self-employment has emerged as a viable option for individuals with intellectual or developmental disabilities (IDD). To meet increased self-employment demands, Maryland's Developmental Disabilities Administration (DDA), in collaboration with the Maryland Division of Rehabilitation Services (DORS), adapted services offered through the Reach Independence through Self Employment (RISE) program.

Using a Collaborative, Person-Centered Planning Approach to Facilitate Community Employment in Massachusetts

The Northeast Region Supported Employment Project was developed by the North Shore area office of the Massachusetts Department of Developmental Services in 2007. This pilot program, open to any individual with ID/DD who wanted to work, emphasized a person- centered planning approach to achieving the individuals' goals for employment in the community.

Collaborating with a Community College and a Supported-Employment Agency to Facilitate the Transition From High School to Community Employment in Washington

Beginning in 2006, the Shoreline Public School District in King County, Washington partnered with Shoreline Community College to offer an off-campus transition program for young adults with intellectual disabilities and developmental disabilities (ID/DD) residing in the Shoreline School District.

Using Employment Data to Create Area-specific Employment Goals in Massachusetts

In 2002, the Massachusetts Department of Developmental Services (DDS) developed a contractual requirement that employment service provider performance be tracked through outcome measures. As a result, DDS shaped its employment data collection system to focus on what it viewed as key outcomes for measuring success around employment.

New Hampshire’s Employment Data Collection: The Power to Transform Communication, Partnership, and Service Delivery

In 2010, when the New Hampshire Bureau of Developmental Services (BDS) received grant funds to strengthen multisystem service delivery, its administrators partnered with area agencies; community rehabilitation providers, or CRPs (employment providers); and other stakeholders to improve and streamline the process of collecting employment data.

Working Together: Collaboration between Colorado’s Developmental Disabilities Division and Division of Vocational Rehabilitation

In Colorado, counselors from the Division of Vocational Rehabilitation are housed on-site in Community Centered Board offices so they can provide direct services to individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (ID/DD). The goal of the project was to serve 240 customers with ID/DD and provide 134 successful employment outcomes over a two-year period. Streamlined services and enhanced communication emerged through a unique collaborative effort between the two entities.